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Yamaha C-70 Project

Discussion in 'Yamaha' started by sonavor, Dec 16, 2016.

  1. sonavor

    sonavor AK Subscriber Subscriber

    Messages:
    268
    Location:
    Texas
    My first Yamaha preamplifier was a C-70 that I bought new in 1983. I purchased it along with an M-70 and a pair of NS2000 speakers. It was the first time I spent that much on a stereo system but it was very happy with the results. When I got into restoring and collecting audio equipment a few years back I acquired some other Yamaha preamps. As I got those restored I stopped using my C-70 for quite some time as it was starting to show its age.
    With some recent repair issues needed on my C-85 and C2a preamps I decided it was time I restore the old C-70. Although it always ran hot, it was a great performer.

    So here is the start of my C-70 restoration project. My plan was to replace the electrolytic capacitors, re-solder connections and replace the trimmers.
    yamaha_c70_restoration_001.jpg
     
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  2. sonavor

    sonavor AK Subscriber Subscriber

    Messages:
    268
    Location:
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    One area of concern on the Yamaha C-70 is the SW104 solenoid/relay switching device which is responsible for making the actual signal routing when you select a function from the C-70 front panel. I had already taken the SW104 unit out, cleaned and lubricated it a few years back so I felt I didn't need to do that again. If your C-70 is having strange function switching problems this unit is the likely culprit.
    yamaha_c70_restoration_002.jpg
     
  3. sonavor

    sonavor AK Subscriber Subscriber

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    The logic for the function switching is on the Tone Control 2 PCB. This board also has three resistors - R859, R860 and R863 that appear to provide the load to manage the C-70 Power On lamp. The large, white resistor is R860. It is 390 Ω and gets very hot when the C-70 is on. The PCB has darkened over time around and underneath this resistor due to the heat. None of the electrolytic capacitors on this board are in the signal path. I will replace them with 105°C high reliability capacitors (Nichicon usually). This board has a ton of 2.2uF capacitors and I will replace all of them with WIMA Polyester caps.
    yamaha_c70_restoration_003.jpg
     
  4. sonavor

    sonavor AK Subscriber Subscriber

    Messages:
    268
    Location:
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    Here is a picture showing the C-70 front panel control buttons and the Tone Control 2 board. It also shows the C-70 power lamp connection to the Tone Control 2 board. I always liked these type of function buttons. They look good and perform good (as long as you maintain SW104).
    yamaha_c70_restoration_004.jpg
     
  5. sonavor

    sonavor AK Subscriber Subscriber

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    Location:
    Texas
    To start in on the recap and re-soldering it is tempting to just remove the bottom plate of the case and do everything that way. However, there is a big support bar underneath that makes de-soldering connections difficult. It is better to go the long route of taking apart the C-70 so you can pull the boards and do a good soldering job. Another reason to do this is the C-70 has a whole bunch of capacitors...so the job is a big one regardless. If I'm going to replace that many capacitors I don't want to come back later and do other things like clean switches and replace heatsink compound. Now is the time to restore everything that is easy to get to with the unit apart.
    yamaha_c70_restoration_008.jpg
     
  6. sonavor

    sonavor AK Subscriber Subscriber

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    The first board I removed to work on is the Equalizer board. It has the phono equalization circuits on it.
    yamaha_c70_restoration_009.jpg
     

     

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  7. sonavor

    sonavor AK Subscriber Subscriber

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    Then next board is the Tone Control and Power Supply board.
    yamaha_c70_restoration_010.jpg
     
  8. sonavor

    sonavor AK Subscriber Subscriber

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    Location:
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    Like a number of Yamaha audio components from the eighties, Yamaha used some sort of glue to secure large capacitors to the PCB. This glue does not age well and starts corroding other parts around it.
    The 1000uF reservoir capacitors had this glue and as you can see badly corroded a jumper wire. I cleaned everything off and replaced the corroded parts.
    yamaha_c70_restoration_011.jpg
     
  9. sonavor

    sonavor AK Subscriber Subscriber

    Messages:
    268
    Location:
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    Here is another angle of the restoration of this part of the C-70.
    yamaha_c70_restoration_012.jpg
     
  10. sonavor

    sonavor AK Subscriber Subscriber

    Messages:
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    Location:
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    Here is a picture of that power supply area before the recap. The two power transistors (TR542 & TR547) are mounted to the large heatsinks for cooling. This area of the C-70 always got really hot.
    yamaha_c70_restoration_005.jpg
     
    Last edited: Dec 18, 2016
  11. sonavor

    sonavor AK Subscriber Subscriber

    Messages:
    268
    Location:
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    Inspecting TR542 & TR547 I could see that the heatsink compound was completely dried out. So I pulled those out, cleaned them up and applied new compound. This picture shows how dried out the original compound was.
    yamaha_c70_restoration_013.jpg
     

     

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  12. sonavor

    sonavor AK Subscriber Subscriber

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    Here is a pic of the new compound applied.
    yamaha_c70_restoration_014.jpg
     
  13. sonavor

    sonavor AK Subscriber Subscriber

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    Location:
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    Transistor TR536 is also mounted to a heatsink. It is a smaller one but I decided to change the compound on it as well. When I removed that transistor and heatsink I found more corrosion from the Yamaha glue. I cleaned the area up and replaced the resistors and a diode.
    yamaha_c70_restoration_015.jpg
     
  14. sonavor

    sonavor AK Subscriber Subscriber

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    Location:
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    Here is the TR536 reworked and reinstalled.
    yamaha_c70_restoration_016.jpg
     
  15. sonavor

    sonavor AK Subscriber Subscriber

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    Location:
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    For the rest of the recap I used the 105°C, low impedance, high reliability Nichicon caps for capacitors not in the signal path. For capacitors involved in the signal path I used Elna and Nichicon audio grade caps.
    yamaha_c70_restoration_017.jpg
     
  16. sonavor

    sonavor AK Subscriber Subscriber

    Messages:
    268
    Location:
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    For the replacement of the C-70 adjustment trimmers, I used Bourns multi-turn trimmers. I use them quite a bit and like the finer adjustment they provide.
    yamaha_c70_restoration_018.jpg
     

     

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  17. sonavor

    sonavor AK Subscriber Subscriber

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    Location:
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    Here is the Tone Control 2 (Control Circuit) board recapped. There was also some old glue to clean off this board too.
    yamaha_c70_restoration_019.jpg
     
  18. sonavor

    sonavor AK Subscriber Subscriber

    Messages:
    268
    Location:
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    The C-70 Equalizer main board has two smaller boards (Equalizer2 and Equalizer3). They are also for the C-70 phono equalization circuitry. Here is what they were before the recap.
    yamaha_c70_restoration_006.jpg
     
  19. sonavor

    sonavor AK Subscriber Subscriber

    Messages:
    268
    Location:
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    Here are the boards after the recap. I un-soldered and removed those two boards in order to replace the caps and trimmers on them.
    yamaha_c70_restoration_020.jpg
     
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  20. sonavor

    sonavor AK Subscriber Subscriber

    Messages:
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    Location:
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    The C-70 had as many electrolytic capacitors or more than any other amplifier I have restored. Here are all of the replaced parts.
    yamaha_c70_restoration_021.jpg
     

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